Forme interrogative e discorso indiretto

Ordine delle parole

Per riportare delle domande, la normale disposizione delle parole in una frase non cambia, vale a dire il soggetto si colloca prima del verbo e non è necessario usare gli ausiliari do o did:

Esempi
Discorso diretto Discorso indiretto
"Where does Peter live?" She asked him where Peter lived.
"Where are you going?" She asked where I was going.
"Why is she crying?" He asked why she was crying.
Domande chiuse (Yes / No)

Questo tipo di domande viene riportato usando la formula ask + 'if / whether' + proposizione:

Esempi
Discorso diretto Discorso indiretto
"Do you speak English?" He asked me if I spoke English.
"Are you British or American?" He asked me whether I was British or American.
"Is it raining?" She asked if it was raining.
"Have you got a computer?" He wanted to know whether I had a computer.
"Can you type?" She asked if I could type.
"Did you come by train?" He enquired whether I had come by train.
"Have you been to Bristol before?" She asked if I had been to Bristol before.
Pronomi interrogativi

Questo tipo di domanda viene riportato usando la formula ask (o un altro verbo che introduce il discorso indiretto) + pronome interrogativo + proposizione. La proposizione contiene la domanda, rispettando la normale disposizione delle parole e senza modificare il verbo.

Esempi
Discorso diretto Discorso indiretto
"What is your name?" he asked me. He asked me what my name was.
"How old is your mother?", he asked. He asked how old her mother was.
The policman said to the boy, "Where do you live?" The policeman asked the boy where he lived.
"What time does the train arrive?" she asked. She asked what time the train arrived.
"When can we have dinner?" she asked. She asked when they could have dinner.
Peter said to John, "Why are you so late?" Peter asked John why he was so late.