Scelta del quantificatore giusto

Per rispondere alle domande How much? e How many? alcuni quantificatori possono essere usati solo con i sostantivi numerabili (friends, cups, people), altri solo con i sostantivi non numerabili (sugar, tea, money) e altri ancora con qualsiasi tipo di sostantivo.

Solo con i sostantivi non numerabili Con tutti i sostantivi Solo con i sostantivi numerabili
a little no, none, not any a few
a bit of some a number of
  any several
a great deal of a lot of, lots of a great number of
a large amount of plenty of a large number of
Esempi
  • Would you like some tea and a few cookies?
  • I always put a little milk and some carrots in my soup.
  • He has several apples. I don't have any fruit at all.
  • She has plenty of clothes for the winter.
  • I recieved a large amount of feedback from my survey.
Uso di "much" e "many"

Much e many sono spesso usati nelle forme interrogative e negative. Sono anche usati con too e so nelle frasi affermative e negative. Attenzione: mentre many può essere utilizzato da solo in un'affermazione, lo stesso non vale per much. Much viene sostituito con le espressioni a lot of o lots of nelle affermazioni (queste espressioni possono sostituire anche many)

Sostantivo non numerabile Sostantivo numerabile
How much sugar do you have? How many people came to the concert?
There's not much sugar at the store. Not many people came to the concert.
I have too much sugar at home. There were too many people at the concert.
I don't know what to do with so much sugar. It's a problem when there are so many people.
I wish there was not so much sugar here. There were not so many people last year.
There is a lot of sugar in candy. There are many people who want to come. = There are a lot of people who want to come.