Verbi seguiti dall'infinito

Molti verbi sono seguiti, o possono essere seguiti, da un verbo all'infinito. Tutti i verbi elencati in questa pagina reggono un infinito con la particella to. I verbi contrassegnati da un asterisco possono anche essere seguiti da that + frase semplice, come indicato negli esempi. I verbi contrassegnati da due asterischi possono essere seguiti esclusivamente da that + frase semplice quando il soggetto della frase principale è it.

Verbi seguiti dall'infinito

afford agree* aim appear** arrange* bother care
claim* condescend consent decide* demand* determine* endeavour
fail guarantee* happen* hasten have (= be obliged) hesitate hope*
learn long manage offer prepare pretend* proceed
promise* propose prove (= turn out) refuse resolve* seek seem**
strive swear* tend threaten* trouble undertake volunteer
  • I hope to see you next week.
  • I hope that I'll see you next week.
  • He claimed to be an expert.
  • He claimed that she was an expert.
  • I managed to reach the top of the hill.
  • Would you care to swim?
  • It appeared that no-one had locked the door.
  • He appeared to be lost.
  • It seems that she is running late.
  • She seems to be running late.

Verbi + complemento oggetto + infinito con particella to

accustom aid appoint assist cause challenge command*
defy direct* drive empower enable encourage entice
entitle entreat force get implore* incite induce
inspire instruct* invite lead leave (= make someone responsible) oblige order*
persuade* press prompt provoke remind* require* stimulate
summon teach tell tempt trust* warn*  
  • The professor challenged his students to argue with his theory.
  • This law empowers the government to charge higher taxes.
  • You can't force me to do something I don't agree with.
  • I invited the new student to have dinner with me.
  • What inspired you to write this poem?
Verbi senza complemento oggetto prima della costruzione that + frase semplice

Alcuni verbi che reggono la costruzione that + frase semplice non prevedono un complemento oggetto prima di that anche quando è presente un complemento oggetto prima dell'infinito. Tali verbi sono command, direct, entreat, implore, order, require e trust

  • I trust you to tell the truth.
  • I trust that you are telling the truth.
  • The general commanded his men to surrender.
  • The general commanded that his men surrender.
Verbi con complemento oggetto prima della costruzione that + frase semplice

Altri verbi che reggono la costruzione that + frase semplice prevedono un complemento oggetto prima di that e prima dell'infinito. Tali verbi sono persuade e remind.

  • You can't persuade people to buy small cars.
  • You can't persuade people that small cars are better.
  • He reminded me to take my notebook to school.
  • He reminded me that I would need my notebook.
Verbi con complemento oggetto opzionale prima di that + frase semplice

Un ultimo gruppo di verbi che reggono that + frase semplice possono avere una persona opzionale prima di that. Tali verbi sono instruct, teach e warn.

  • She taught her students to appreciate poetry.
  • She taught her students that poetry was valuable.
  • She taught that poetry was valuable.

Verbi seguiti dall'infinito o da persona + infinito

ask* beg* choose dare desire* elect expect*
help mean* (=intend) request* want wish*    
  • I asked him to show me the book.
  • I asked to see the book.
  • She helped me to put away the dishes.
  • She helped to put away the dishes.
  • We expect you to do your best in the exam.
  • We expect to do well on our exams.
  • Do you want to go to the beach?
  • Do you want me to go with you to the beach?
Costruzione del verbo "to dare"

Nelle frasi negative e interrogative, è possibile usare l'infinito con o senza la particella to se entrambi i verbi hanno lo stesso soggetto, anche se è più frequente la forma senza to (forma base). Se il soggetto dei due verbi è diverso, è obbligatorio usare l'infinito con la particella to.

  • I never dared tell him what happened.
  • Do you dare tell him?
  • Would you dare (to) jump out of a plane?
  • I dare you to tell him the truth.
  • She dared me to jump off the wall.